Tax on State Pensions: Is State Pension Taxable

State pensions play an important role in giving financial security to retirees. However, understanding the tax implications can be confusing. In this article, we will talk about the answer of the question; is state pension taxable, both historically and in the future. Let us talk about it in details:

The Basics: Is State Pension Taxable?

For the question: Is State Pension Taxable? The short answer is yes. Your state pension is considered taxable income. However, let us break it down further.

What Is the State Pension?

The state pension is a regular payment provided by the government to eligible individuals who have reached the state pension age. It is designed to help retirees cover their basic living expenses.

The New State Pension

Starting in April 2024, the new state pension will increase by 8.5%, reaching £221.20 per week. This boost is great news for pensioners. However, there is a catch.

Personal Allowance Dilemma

The personal allowance is the amount of income you can receive without making income tax payment. Unfortunately, the personal allowance remains stagnant at £12,570 until at least the 2027/28 tax year. Here is where things get interesting:

  • If your state pension is your sole income, you would not pay tax until 2026/27.
  •  But beyond that, you might owe tax on your state pension.

State pensions against personal allowance: in numbers

Let us look at the figures:

  • 2024/25: New state pension (actual) – £11,502
  •  2025/26: Estimated new state pension (8.5% increase) – £12,480
  •  2026/27: Estimated new state pension (another 8.5% increase) – £13,540

Tax Liability Cases

Case 1: No other income or allowancesTax liability: Nil (state pension < personal allowance)

 Case 2: Married or in a civil partnershipIf you have used the marriage allowance, your left personal allowance drops to £11,310.  Your state pension could exceed your personal allowance sooner.

How Tax Is Collected

  • The state pension does not have tax deducted upfront.
  •  Instead, it is “coded out” against other PAYE (Pay As You Earn) income sources.
  •  If insufficient PAYE income exists, HMRC may issue a simple assessment or require a self-assessment tax return.

Problems arising from the way the state pension is taxed

  • Calculating the correct state pension amount for a tax year is not a simple.
  •  State pensions are paid 4-weekly, making them tricky to align with annual tax calculations.
  •  Always verify your pre-populated state pension figure on your tax return.

How can tax be made easier for state pensioners?

Here are the terms that can make it easy for state pensioners to pay taxes:

By giving them clear information, State pensioners need clear and simple information about their tax obligations. This includes understanding how much of their pension is taxable and what allowances they have.

Automatic Deductions from pensions: Instead of pensioners having to manually pay taxes, the government could automatically deduct the tax from their pension payments. This way, pensioners do not need to worry about calculating and paying taxes separately.

Easy to understand language: If pensioners need to fill out tax forms, these forms should be easy to understand and complete. The language used should be plain and free from jargon.

Give them help: Providing personalized assistance to pensioners can make a big difference. Tax offices could offer dedicated helplines or online resources specifically for state pensioners.

Give them regular Updates: Keeping pensioners informed about any changes in tax rules or rates is essential. Regular updates through letters, emails, or official websites can help pensioners stay informed.

Host Local Workshops: Hosting local workshops or seminars on tax matters can help pensioners understand their responsibilities better. These workshops could cover topics like allowances, exemptions, and common tax scenarios.


Understanding state pension taxation is important for those who are retirees. As the pension landscape evolves, staying informed will help you navigate the tax maze. Remember that your state pension is taxable, but with a little knowledge, you can plan ahead.


What is a State Pension? 

A State Pension is a regular payment from the government that most people can claim when they reach the State Pension age.

Is State Pension taxable? 

Yes, a state pension is considered taxable income, but whether you pay taxes depends on your total annual income.

How is tax on State Pension calculated? 

Tax is calculated on your total income, including State Pension, against your Personal Allowance.

What should I do if I think I’m being taxed incorrectly? 

You should contact HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) or take advice from a tax professional to review your tax code and total income.

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